Possible Indicators of an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined by a certain set of behaviors that can range from the very mild to the severe. The following possible indicators of ASD were identified on the Public Health Training Network Webcast, Autism Among Us. Possible Indicators of Autism Spectrum Disorders Does not babble, point, or make meaningful gestures by … Continue reading

History of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the DSM

by Melissa Hencha-Ownby Autism spectrum disorders have not always been included as unique diagnostic conditions in the DSM. Through the years, the diagnostic criteria has been refined. The Diagnostics and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the standard by which autism spectrum disorders are diagnosed in the United States. Autism was not included as a separate … Continue reading

How To Tell Your Child That He (or She) Has Asperger’s Syndrome

by Barbara Fowler Many parents struggle with the issue of telling their child the diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome. First of all, how do you explain it in terms that they will understand and secondly, how old should the child be? A three year old has a much different level of understanding than a six year … Continue reading

Theory for the Cause of Autism: The Foetal Androgen Theory (Simon Baron-Cohen)

Developmental psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen discusses results from three lines of investigation that support the androgen theory of autism. Specifically, he will present evidence from his laboratory that one androgen, fetal testosterone, is a key factor underlying social development, and that dysregulation in the production of this hormone may play a role in autism. Series: “M.I.N.D. Institute Lecture … Continue reading

Genetic Testing and an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Scientists and physicians know that an autism spectrum disorder can occur in families. Siblings of people on the autism spectrum are more likely to be autistic, and twins are extremely likely to share autistic traits. This means there is almost certainly a genetic component of an autism spectrum disorder. However, this does not mean that … Continue reading

The 3 Groups of Symptoms that Characterize an Autism Spectrum Disorder

by Debbie Roome Autism is characterized by three groups of symptoms. Each of these groups can be further divided into more specific characteristics. Speech and Language Difficulties One of the characteristics of autism is problems with speech and language. At the low-functioning end of the spectrum, a child may be nonverbal and hardly able to … Continue reading

Checklist of Characteristics of an Autism Spectrum Disorder – Perceptions and Reality

by the Autism Foundation These descriptions give a guide to many of the behaviours observed in children, teenagers and adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. It is important to remember that everyone is different and very few children or adults will show all of these characteristics. The three lists show a typical progression through childhood into adulthood. … Continue reading

Psychological and Physical Conditions That Can Co-Occur with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

by Stephen Borgman, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor It is common for other conditions to occur along side an Autism Spectrum Disorder. The DSM-IVR, which is the medical reference book for all psychiatric conditions, describes several conditions that are more likely to go along with an autism spectrum disorder. Anxiety Anxiety can often accompany an autism spectrum syndrome. Why … Continue reading

Dispelling the Myths Regarding an Autism Spectrum Disorder

by Nimisha Muttiah (MSc, CCC-SLPSpeech Language Pathologist) Autism is a topic of growing interest among professionals and families in today’s context world over. It could be because of the increase in the number of children being diagnosed with this disorder. Recent research has found that one in every 150 children born in the US is … Continue reading

Reference: Core Symptom Differences for Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome and PDD-NOS

by Autism Spectrum Directory To be diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), three core symptoms must be observed: 1) social impairment, 2) communication deficit, and 3) restricted or repetitive routines, interests or behaviors. ASD is a spectrum disorder therefore the severity of the core symptoms will be different for each person but the differences … Continue reading